Irregular Verbs

Some common Church Slavonic verbs, such as <vjedjeti> (to know), <dati> (to give), <jasti> (to eat), <imjeti> (to have), have irregular present tense forms. Their present tense forms are similar to those of the verb <byti>.

   
Singular 1
2
3
Plural 1
2
3
Dual 1
2
3

Notes

Since <dati> is perfective in aspect, these forms of <dati> have future meaning ("I shall give").

Questions

Why do some of the of the 1st and 3rd person singular forms end in a hard sign and some end in a soft sign? I would have expected the endings to be the same.

One source gives <dadite> as the 2nd person plural of <dati>. I assume this is because <dati> is perfective so the 2nd person plural has imperative force and is therefore replaced by an imperative form. Is this correct? Which form is more commonly seen?


  Help Me Learn Church Slavonic  |  Up  |  Sign My Guestbook  |  E-Mail Justin Zamora